Autor(s) Jasionowski, Robert
Autor(s) Polkowski, Wojciech
Date of issue 2016
ISSN 1013-9826 pl_PL
Abstract A cavitation erosion is the process based on an impact of pressure pulses on a material’s surface caused by the phenomenon of cavitation. The term cavitation is defined as a phenomenon of formation, growth and disappearance (implosion) of bubbles due to cyclic pressure variations in a liquid. The cavitation initiators are embryos (cavitation nuclei with a size up to 50 μm), located in the water or on wetted surfaces that lead to decreasing of the liquid ability to transfer tensile stresses. The role of embryos is played by micro gas bubbles, fine solid particles, micro-organisms or gas-filled pores on a surface of solid body embedded in a liquid. A rapid pressure drop occurring within the liquid and a presence of cavitational kernel causes rupture the continuity of the liquid and thus lead to the formation of steam-gas mixture areas, a so called cavitation bubbles. A cavitation bubble may be filled with a gas, a vapor or a steam/gas mixture. A course of cavitation depends on a cavitation type. In the present work, a mechanism of cavitiational destruction of 99,7 % titanium tested on vibrational and jet-impact valaboratory stands, is analyzed. Results of the cavitational resistance evaluation of Ti99.7 titanium carried out on vibrational and jet-impact stands have revealed different mechanisms of a cavitation destruction caused by various forms of cavitation. It was found that a surface of titanium samples tested on the vibratory stand was covered by very large number of microcracks which in a later stage of the research leads to the erosion of the material. The cavitational destruction of Ti samples on the jet-impact stand is initiated by a plastic straining of subsurface area, which in the further stage leads to an erosion represented by the detachment of whole grains anda formation of deep pits on the material’s surface. Additionally, results of conducted studies have confirmed the fatigue character of the cavitational destruction process.
Publisher Key Engineering Materials
Title The destruction mechanism of titanium subjected to cavitation erosion
Type Journal Article en_US